Labor and delivery

Dr. Nalan Karacaoglu is a specialist for the following procedures Hymenoplasty - hymen reconstruction surgery, Perineoplasty and Vaginal repair (Vaginoplasty) on

Labor and delivery

e-istanbul. Several hormonal and physical changes may indicate the beginning of labor.

These changes are ; contractions(cause discomfort in back and lower abdomen) ,water breaking , passing mucus plug ( when cervix dilates mucus is discharged-pink ,bloody) , effacement and dilation of cervix.

False labor pains, called Braxton Hicks, are irregular,weak, don’t get closer, and stop when position is changed.
When you are in true labor, check the time between contractions, duration and length.Mild contractions begin 15 –20 minutes apart and last 45-60 seconds.
Strong contractions  begin 3- 4 minutes apart and last 60-90 seconds.
Water breaks;is the rupture of amniotic membrane, odourless and clear,may feel trickle of fluid that leaks steadily.
You will be ready to push the baby out when your cervix is dilated to a full 10 centimeters .
In the final stages of labor your contractions will change from dilating contractions to pushing contractions.
You may feel like you have an urgent bowel movement .

A  burning or stretching sensation  is felt  when the baby’s head stretches the birth canal.

During the final stages of pushing the babies head will begin to “crown”,
that means baby’s head becomes visible and begins to protrude from the vagina , one or two more pushing contractions will deliver the baby’s head.
After  the baby is born, the umbilical cord will be clamped and cut, placenta is delivered , and baby is  examined - suctioned , afterwards baby will  begin to cry.
The  baby is then evaluated with an APGAR score at one minute and five minutes after birth.
An eye ointment is usually administered to prevent eye infection.
Your baby is now ready for breast feeding..






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