Dilatation and curettage

Dr. Nalan Karacaoglu is a specialist for the following procedures Hymenoplasty - hymen reconstruction surgery, Perineoplasty and Vaginal repair (Vaginoplasty) on Estheticon.com.

Dilatation and curettage

e-istanbul. Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure in which the cervix of the uterus is dilated, and  uterine lining can be removed with a  curette. The procedure is performed for a variety of reasons Most commonly, this surgery is done in order to help determine the cause of abnormal


uterine bleeding.The procedure can correct some of the problems in the uterus such as polyps, or  abnormal tissue growth. It can also be done to  determine the  abnormality of the endometrium in cases of  pre-cancerous cells .
Sometimes D&c is done if there is an unwanted pregnancy(purpose of an abortion)  or after a miscarriage.
Before a D&C , it is recommended that the patient take nothing by mouth (food, water, etc.) for at least 6-8  hours  before the  operation.
Mostly  D&Cs are done under general anesthesia.
The procedure is typically short ( 10-20 minutes) ,  with the patient going home later the same day.
The  procedure is done in an operating room,after  anesthesia has been administered, the vagina and cervix are cleansed with an antibacterial scrub and then  uterus is gradually dilated with metal dilators.


After  dilation by a  curette,  the lining of the uterusis scraped.
The tissue that is removed is then sent to a pathologist .
The D&C procedure has a low risk of serious complications.
Some may have  vaginal bleeding ,  pelvic cramping for a few days after  D&C, pain medications are usually sufficient .

The serious  complication that may  occur is perforation of the uterus with the instruments used.
This risk is increased if the uterus  has undergone previous surgeries such as cesarean sections .

Infection is  rare and can normally be managed with oral antibiotics,to decrease the chance of developing an infection abstaining from sexual intercourse for 2 weeks is advised.


Gynecologist Obstetrician

Dr Nalan Karacaoglu



Hymenoplasty , hymen replacement surgery,restoration of hymen ;

Hymen is a thin membrane , that covers the opening of the vagina.Thickness of this membrane differs , and may be very vascular.

The function of this membrane is not known, but it is thought that it protects the vagina from infections.

Hymen in some countries is still a symbol of virginity.

There are many types;

Annular , denticular, septate, subseptus, cribriform and imperforate(covers the vaginal entrance)

Hymenal tears may occur by sexual or non sexual causes.

When a tear occurs in the hymen, bleeding is seen,usually stops after minutes or longer.

Sometimes bleeding may be profuse, and that may cause even a shock.

In some countries (Esp. among Arabic,) hymen should be intact when married,by this the women is accepted as a virgin.

Hymenoplasty,or hymen replacement surgery (restoration) is a surgical procedure ,usually done in outpatient clinics.About 3-4 weeks are needed for healing.

After the surgery , patients may return work the next day.

Gynecologist  Obstetrician

Dr Uner Karacaoglu









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